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Eye Examinations

A full eye examination includes comprehensive vision testing to determine your current prescription for glasses and a thorough eye health check including diagnostic testing for glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration.

Although you may have clear vision, only complete and regular eye examinations can guarantee the health of your eyes.

The following information may help you to understand the relevance of every test administered by your optometrist.

Case History:

Medications, personal medical history, family history of ocular and systemic, any visual concerns (frequency, duration, and severity).

Visual Acuity:

Your ability to see small details far and/or near distances is measured.


The presence and degree of myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism (decreased vision due to corneal or lens irregularities) and presbyopia (diminished focusing ability due to age) are identified and the appropriate prescription determined.

Binocular Vision Testing:

Evaluation of how the eyes are aligned or coordinated when working together and individually is important. Good muscle co-ordination allows stereoscopic vision for good depth perception.

Tonometry (Air Puff):

Intra-Ocular Pressure (IOP) measurement. This measures the pressure of the fluid within each eye; one of the important tests in the detection of glaucoma.

Peripheral vision assessment will assist in the detection of glaucoma, neurological, and retinal diseases. Specialized computerized visual field testing may be required.

Ocular Health Assessment:

A thorough health assessment of the structures of the eye will be performed allowing the detection of conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, and changes due to systemic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol. A dilated fundus exam, for which drops are required, may be recommended for a more comprehensive retinal examination.

Photography and O.C.T. retinal imaging allow your optometrist to keep a permanent recorded image and scans of your retina for later comparison.

We also provide pre and post operative examinations for laser corrective surgery. Our office has provided this service for patients from Focus Eye Center.

On occasion the Ministry of Transportation requires forms to be completed by a Licensed Optometrist to renew and/or reinstate an Ontario driver’s license. We provide visual acuity and automated visual fields for these purposes. These examinations are not covered by OHIP.